In a novel set in a Victorian-era London hospital, the author shows how two of the most prominent scientists of the day — David Hume and Charles Darwin — came to be seen as contradictory by each other and that science and Christianity diverged over their approach to the universe.
The book, “How Religion and Science Changed Britain in the Twentieth Century,” is published by Simon & Schuster and is a collection of essays written by two of Britain’s most celebrated authors, Sir Isaac Newton and Sir William Thomson.
The essays describe the history of the world in their chronological order, including how religion and science became intertwined and the importance of religious texts to shaping science.
One essay says that Newton’s “theology” led him to accept the existence of God as a “necessary consequence of the fact that man is a creature.”
But the essays also show that while Newton accepted the possibility of a divine being, he disagreed with Darwin’s position that science could find no proof for the existence.
One of the essays describes a meeting in which the two men argued over whether the sun was a blue star or a red one.
Newton said the red one, but Darwin said it was not.
Both agreed that there was a reason for it.
One said: “If it is not a red star, then it is a blue one.”
Another said: “[God] is not necessary for the preservation of the species, because it is the only way of living that we know.”
In one of the essay’s sections, titled “God and Science,” the authors write that the two scientists were “the antithesis of each other.”
One of them said that Newton “taught that he was not only a Christian but a naturalist, and Darwin taught that he is not only an atheist.”
The other said: Darwin believed that God exists, but Newton believed that he did not.
The two men, who were known as “the two Newtones,” were not alone in their disagreement.
Newton and Darwin’s opinions were not necessarily in accord.
Both men disagreed about the meaning of the word “God.”
One essay said: Newton thought that the Bible was an “impassioned collection of fables and myths.”
Darwin, who wrote his famous treatise on the origin of the universe in 1783, believed that there is no God.
The authors of the book argue that this is because the two thinkers disagreed about what the word means.
Newton thought of it as a noun: “a supernatural being.”
This term, which has a special meaning in English, is used by the Bible and in the New Testament to refer to God.
Newton used the word as a verb: to say: “I believe this is true.”
But in Newton’s opinion, the word did not have a “spiritual” meaning.
Newton believed in a “divine law” which “makes it necessary for all things to be done by God.”
According to Newton, there is a “God who is everywhere” and this “God” rules over all things, and he “exists in the universe.”
But, in Darwin’s view, God is a being “in a different place and time” and “has no special relation to the affairs of man.”
According the authors, Newton’s view was “theologically incorrect.”
Darwen wrote that “the word God is not to be understood as the abstract, impersonal and mysterious deity that some of the greatest scientists of history have imagined.”
Instead, it is to be interpreted in relation to an “invisible” entity called “God the Father,” who is the “supreme Creator of all things” and who is “inseparable from all things.”
The authors say that this divine Being is “the originator and the author of the laws of nature” and has a “substantial, essential role in the world.”
Accordingly, the authors wrote, “the idea that God is somehow in conflict with the idea of God is mistaken.”
The author of “How Religions and Science Are Changing Britain in a Twenty-Sixties Century” argues that the book provides “an antidote to those who wish to ignore these two scientists.”
“As far as Newton and [Darwin] are concerned, God does not exist,” he wrote.
In addition, the book argues that “God has no right to exist or be heard.